Find a Law Enforcement School
Law Enforcement News
The Enforcement Function (CJ315)
Raymond E. Foster, MPA
Day/Time/Location: W 7-9:45 pm
7-9:45 p.m. UH240
Office Hours: Thursday,
5PM to 7PM
Office Location: UH501
Office Telephone: (909) 599.7560
The Enforcement Function (CJ315) provides an overview of
the historical and philosophical development of the enforcement function at
federal, state and local levels; community controls, political pressures and
legal limitations pertaining to law enforcement agencies at each level of
government; police policies and problems vis-a-vis the administration of justice
as a system.
- Place the law enforcement role in a broader context by
examining the historical origins of the police and police practices.
- Understand how the police interface with other segments
of the criminal justice process.
- Understand how the police are organized to control
- Explore the activities that take place in selecting,
hiring, training, and preparing new police officers to make the transition
from civilian to sworn status.
- Understand of the decision-making processes that guide
police officer actions out in the field when making an arrest, resolving a
call for service, or resorting to the use of force.
- Increase the students analytical, research and writing
skills through exposure to academic, research and practitioner writings.
(The following text is available at the Titan
Peak, Kenneth (2003) Policing America: Methods, Issues
and Challenges, New Jersey: Prentice Hall 4/e
(The following readings are available at the course
Community Policing: A
Framework for Action (1994) Bureau of Justice Assistance, NCJ 148457
Crime Scene Investigation:
A Guide for Law Enforcement (2000) National Institute for Justice
D. Ovido, Robert, M.S. and James Doyle (2003) A Study on
Cyberstalking: Understanding Investigative Hurdles, FBI Magazine,
Vol.72 No. 3
Farrow, Joe and Trac Pham (2003) Citizen Oversight of
Law Enforcement: Challenge and Opportunity, The Police Chief, vol.
70, no. 10
Gaffigan, Stephen J. and
Phyliss P. McDonald, Ed.D, (1997) Police Integrity, Public Service
with Honor, Department of Justice, NCJ 163811
Law Enforcement Management
and Administrative Statistics: Local Police Departments (2000), Bureau of
McCorkle, Richard C. (2004)
Gambling and Crime Among Arrestees: Exploring the Link, National Institute
for Justice, NCJ 196677
Maguire, Edward R. and Craig D. Uchida (2000)
Measurement and Explanation in the Comparative Study of American Police
Organizations, National Criminal Justice Referral Service
Nason, John T. (2004) Conducting Surveillance Operations
How to Get the Most Out of Them, FBI Magazine, Vol. 73 No. 5
Principles for Promoting Police Integrity: Examples of
promising Police Practices and Policies (2001) Department of Justice
Whitcomb, Debra (2002) Prosecutors, Kids and Domestic
Violence, National Institute for Justice Journal No. 248
The following responsibilities apply to all students:
Attend class and take notes.
Read and prepare to discuss the assigned reading by the dates identified
in the course syllabus.
Complete three exams (at fifth week, mid-term and final).
Prepare and deliver a presentation.
Prepare 5-7 page, academically sound, paper on an issue identified by the
Participate in class activities and discussions.
Method of Evaluation:
Exam Two (Mid-Term) 20%
Examinations Exam one, exam two (mid-term) and
exam three will consist of multiple choice, true-false or short answer
questions. All of the material in the exam one, exam two (mid-term) and exam
three will come from the readings, lectures, videos and class discussions and
will be cumulative. An in class review will be conducted prior to the
mid-term. The final examination will consist of two essay questions
and will be cumulative. The five final
questions are posted on the course website. However, only two of them will be
the final examination. The student should be prepared to answer all five at the
time of final because the two questions to be asked will be announced at the
final. Although this is not an open book test, students may use any notes
they took during class or while studying during the final examination. An in
class review will be held prior to the final. They must be the students notes
refer to the syllabus section on ethical conduct for further information. The
student MUST answer both questions. Above average and superior responses to the
final questions will include sourcing from the readings, lectures, videos and
Extra Credit No extra credit is available for this
Attendance - Within the university setting, students
are expected to attend class on a regular basis and participate in topic
discussion to enhance the overall learning experience. As participation is
directly related to attendance, students mission four (2) class session will
not receive any credit for attendance/participation. Attendance will be
recorded by a class roster that will be passed among the students during each
class. It is the students responsibility to sign the roster.
Participation Participation is ten percent of the students final
grade. Participation will be measured by the use of a student participation
log, attendance and participation in the online threaded discussion. The
participation log is available for download on the course website. The students
are expected to obtain the log and keep a record of their participation. The
log must be handed in at the time of the final; and, it may be periodically
requested by the instructor for review. Attendance will be tracked by a sing-in
sheet. It is the students responsibility to sign-in for each class meeting.
More information and hyperlinks to the threaded discussion are available on the
Issue Paper - Students will be required to prepare a
typed, 5-7 page analysis of a course related issue. The student will have a
choice of ten issues which are available at the course website. At a minimum, it
is expected that the students will produce an academically sound and properly
formatted work (APA format is strongly encouraged)
with a minimum of five sources, not including the text
book. The instructor will provide more information concerning Issue Paper
expectations during class. The paper will
graded on content as well as exposition.
Website Presentations Each student will be
assigned to conduct a review of a specific website. They will then provide a
ten minute presentation on that website, as well as a one-page briefing paper.
The student shall provide a copy of the briefing paper to each member of the
Ethical Conduct - Students should be aware that
there are severe consequences for violations of academic ethical conduct.
Primarily, we are concerned with cheating and plagiarism. Students who are
determined to have cheated or committed plagiarism will face disciplinary action
as identified within CSUF regulations. For additional clarification of cheating
and/or plagiarism, refer to the CSUF website or the instructor.
Website - The course has four companion websites.
The first was developed and is maintained by the instructor. At that website
the students will find hyperlinks to the readings, important course downloads
(such as the syllabus and class log) and hyperlinks to other course related
multimedia presentations (such as PowerPoint presentations, short videos, etc).
The second website is the threaded discussion forum. It is also linked off of
the primary site. The third website is the companion to the main text book. As
part of the course orientation, the websites will be reviewed. Blackboard will
be used as a means to communicate grades.
According to the book description of
The Police and Society, “The articles in this collection reveal fundamental assumptions about
the relationship of the police to society. Articles were selected for both their complementary and their competing natures.
They serve as touchstones for one another, measuring and questioning the value of previous conceptions about how policing
fits into the broader social context. Many of the articles challenge the methods by which information was acquired, how practices
evolved from that information, and the background assumptions that drove the construction of practices and theories. The editor’s
purpose in assembling this provocative volume is to facilitate systematic inquiry—to help readers discover connections,
to detect mutual influence, and to trace divergences of opinion. Some of the issues raised include: What is the function of
the police? What does "the public" expect of the police institution? How many "publics" are there? Who
benefits from police service? How are public safety and social order secured while maintaining individual rights and freedoms?
To what extent do our assumptions about the police and society reflect our values and demands? To what extent do the police
generate expectations? Is policing at a critical crossroads? If we analyze the recurring, central themes in policing as informed
participants, perhaps our constructions and perceptions will better reflect the dynamic interrelationships between the police
and society and the efficacy of those relationships for the future.”